Hello everyone, this is the replay
for MicheLive, episode 1. We’ll provide a recap of the great Q & A we had through the live feed
and the comments. Today we will define
DANGER, RISK, and SAFETY And we’ll be spending time
in the classroom with Nicolas Didry Nicolas, go ahead
and introduce yourself and explain why you’re here. I’m here because you asked! I work with Salomon as one
of their freeride ambassadors. Why in the classroom? I teach
skiing and snowboarding at the local university. Today, like with a house, we need to
build solid foundation with the fundamentals. The three basic concepts, of risk, danger, and safety
need to be clearly defined. They are closely related. It’s important to start with
these three principles because we use them all the time,
and way too liberally. Often attributing whatever
meaning we want. We tend to absolve ourselves
with a broad definition of safety, which can mean everything and nothing,
so we’ll start by defining danger. Let’s keep it simple.
So what exactly is danger? Danger: something that can
cause harm to someone. In the mountains, defining danger and
identifying hazards is the foundation of observation. What is risk? The probability of an event
occurring multiplied by the consequences. This does not mean that an outing
can have zero risk from start to finish. This is impossible. There is always some
level of risk that needs to be managed. Defining risk in outdoor sports
allows us to better understand where we have some latitude, and the probability
of a hazardous event or its consequences occurring. If we keep that in mind in the mountains,
it’s easier to read the terrain and to better grasp
what’s going on around us. 88% of people think that
zero risk does not exist. Clear blue skies with no clouds
means zero chance of rain. So technically speaking,
“zero risk” does exist. Risk needs
a probability to exist. If there is no probability,
there is no risk. If there is no risk,
then we are “safe.” And this brings us
to the concept of safety. Safety means
the absence of danger. Safety in the mountain
means finding a place or a point in time
when nothing can happen to you. In the mountains,
this creates certain problems because I see people
stopping at spots thinking that they’re safe
because it feels safe but in reality they are not
physically safe. So it’s important to properly define
what safety really is. Here are a few examples
to illustrate each definition. I asked if a seat belt adds an element of safety
to driving. Most people answered “yes.” 80% said “yes,” but Marion said “no.”
We tend to agree with Marion. A seat belt does not
make driving any safer. Does it lower the probability
of a dangerous event occurring? No. However, can a seat belt reduce
the consequences of an accident? Yes, it reduces the risk,
but not keep you safe. What about a transceiver,
shovel, and probe? Safety gear? Nope, rescue gear. At this point, it has
already hit the fan, We need to start rescuing
or applying first aid. This is rescue gear,
but it doesn’t provide extra safety. It’s marketed as safety gear,
we read “safety gear” on the box. This might shake
you up a bit, but for me, it’s rescue gear
and not safety gear. So when you’re carrying it,
you already know where you’re going, and what could potentially happen.
You are well aware and trained, and fully capable of using
your gear in a rescue situation. Using your avy gear will be the topic
for an upcoming MicheLa Guide episode. To be clear, just because it’s rescue gear
does not mean that it isn’t vital. Avy gear allows you to rescue others
or to be rescued. Viewer question:
Does safety gear really exist? Maybe! Take a climbing rope.
Without one you’re free-soloing, and if you fall,
whereas when you tie in the danger related to
a fall goes away. You can clip into the anchor.
So “yes” for a moment or two. Maybe instead, we should
use the terms prevention or risk
management gear since you are already facing
the risk, and trying to use risk mitigation strategies
to reduce exposure to the hazards around you.
So maybe another term is warranted. We will do a full MicheLIVE about gear.
Planning, prevention, risk management and mitigation,
protective and rescue gear, At Salomon we host MAOS clinics:
Mountain Academy on Snow You can take a clinic with us.
While Tony Lamiche might seem a bit “corporate,” The MicheLa Guide adds more depth.
It’s not just Salomon. If you want more info, more education,
there are a lot of options. In France, you have a lot of mountain professionals,
the French Alpine Club, the Chamoniarde, ANENA, Munter’s 3×3,
Alain Duclos’ approach, mountain guides
and ski instructors, too. Fall is here, and it’s time to wrap up
this MicheLive replay. DANGER:
A hazard for someone. RISK: the probability of an event occurring
multiplied by the consequences. SAFETY: the absence of danger. Thanks! That’s it for the
MicheLive episode 1 replay. I hope that it has provided you with
clear and meaningful answers to the questions you have.
See you next Monday for episode 2. In the meantime, feel free
to send me your questions through social media.
Until then, have a snow-rific day! The MicheLa Guide
is a collaborative work about skiing, mountaineering,
and playing in the mountains. Creating a platform to debate
certain preconceived notions and turn other long-held beliefs on their head…
That is what the MicheLa Guide is all about!