[ZIPPER] [MUSIC] I’m Ava! I’m Ben! I’m Madison! I’m Drew! We’re the “Disaster Dodgers”! And we’re here to help you be prepared! [MUSIC] Today we’ll talk about
something that can happen at any time and can
do a lot of damage. Like a surprise quiz
from my teacher. Much worse. Severe weather. Like a tornado
or a hurricane. Extreme heat. Or extreme cold. Brrrr! What about a flood that’s
caused by severe weather? Floods are really common; they can happen in
every single state. Lots of things
can cause a flood. Heavy rain. Rivers that overflow. Really big ocean waves. Melting snow. A dam or levee
that overflows. Floodwater is dangerous, especially when
it’s still moving. It can knock you
off your feet. And even if the
water looks clean, it could make you sick,
so never drink it. Ah, gross! If there’s heavy rain or a bad
storm, keep a TV, radio, or cell phone on for flood alerts. If you find out there’s
a “flood watch” or a “flash flood watch,” it
means flooding may happen. If you hear there’s
a “flood warning,” tell an adult right away so
that they can take action. If there’s a
“flash flood warning,” tell somebody and get
to high ground fast! Floods are dangerous. Never walk through flood water, and adults should not
drive through it. [WIND] [LAUGHTER] [WIND] Hurricanes can cause floods. But they can also bring
other kinds of danger. [HEAVY WIND] Hurricanes are strong
tropical storms that form in the ocean and
can come onto land. Hurricanes have strong winds
of at least 74 miles per hour. They can even reach 155
miles per hour or more! Whoa! When a hurricane comes,
heavy rain, strong winds, and large waves called
storm surges can damage buildings, trees, and cars. So it’s important for you
and your family to be prepared. If you’re home
during a hurricane, use a TV, radio, or cell
phone to listen for alerts. Keep away from windows
and glass doors. Lie on the floor under
something sturdy like a table, because things could
fall on you and hurt you. If it’s expected to be too
dangerous to stay in your area, you and your family
may be asked to evacuate. Evacuate? You’ll need to leave your
home and get to a safe place. If that happens, follow
instructions from officials. If you get separated,
follow your Family Communications
Plan to reconnect. And be sure to bring your
Family Emergency Kit. Hurricanes can be
really dangerous. So can twisters. You know, tornadoes? A tornado is a violent storm
that sometimes looks like a funnel or a cone. If you haven’t
seen one up close, you’ve probably seen one on TV. [HEAVY WINDS] Winds can reach up to
300 miles per hour. Now that’s fast! Tornadoes can happen in
any state, but most occur in the middle of the U.S., in
what they call “Tornado Alley.” Keep a TV, radio, or cell
phone on for tornado alerts. A “tornado watch”
means a tornado may be possible in your area. If there’s a “tornado
warning,” it means someone has seen a tornado nearby. You and your family need to
get to a safe place immediately! If you’re indoors when a tornado
comes, go to the basement or lowest level of
the home or building. Stay away from windows,
doors, and outside walls. Get under something
sturdy and use your arms to protect your
head and neck. Don’t open any windows. A tornado is one good
reason to stay indoors. A heat wave is
another one. Hey! Can you turn down
the heat a little? Yikes! A heat wave is an extended
period of extreme heat. And to make things even worse, it often comes
with high humidity. This kind of heat can be
dangerous and can threaten the lives of older people,
young children, and people who are sick. When it’s super hot, stay
indoors as much as you can. Heat rises, so stay on the
lowest floor away from the sun, especially if you don’t
have air conditioning. Drink lots of water, even
if you aren’t thirsty. Eat light meals. If you have to go out,
wear light-colored clothes that cover as much
skin as possible. Wear a wide-brimmed hat. Check on your pets to
make sure they’re okay. It’s important to keep
them hydrated, too. If your home loses power,
your family can go to a public shelter
to stay cool. Speaking of staying cool, it’s getting pretty
frosty in here. Building a snowman may be fun,
but freezing in the cold is not. In a winter storm, it can
be really cold outside, plus there could be strong winds,
ice, sleet, and freezing rain. A bad storm could
knock out heat, power, and phone
service for days. When it’s really cold, stay
indoors as much as you can. If your home doesn’t have
heat, your family should find a warmer place to stay. Walk carefully
on icy sidewalks. If you’re outside for
a long time and your fingers, nose, or toes
can’t feel anything, go inside before you
get frostbite. If you go outside, wear several
layers of light clothes, instead of one heavy layer. Wear mittens. They’re warmer than gloves. A hat. And cover your mouth with
a scarf to protect your lungs. You might not have to worry
about extreme cold in your area. But there’s a good chance you
need to get ready for some of the other kinds
of severe weather we’ve talked about today. To start, you and your
family should sign up for local weather alerts. So tonight, talk to your family
about making a plan, and taking time to practice it. Always remember, when
it comes to disasters: Be informed. Make a plan. Get prepared. [SWOOSH] And go to Ready.gov
to find out more.